Analysis of critical imposed load of plate using variational calculus
This work studied the critical load analysis of rectangular plates, carrying uniformly distributed loads utilizing direct variational energy calculus. The aim of this study is to establish the techniques for calculating the critical lateral imposed loads of the plate before deflection attains the specified maximum threshold, qiw as well as its corresponding critical lateral imposed load before the plate reaches an elastic yield point. The formulated potential energy by the static elastic theory of the plate was minimized to get the shear deformation and coefficient of deflection. The plates under consideration are clamped at the first and second edges, free of support at the third edge and simply supported at the fourth edge (CCFS). From the numerical analysis obtained, it is found that the critical lateral imposed loads (qiw and qip) increase as the thickness (t) of plate increases, and decrease as the length to width ratio increases. This suggests that as the thickness increases, the allowable deflection improves the safety of the plate, whereas an increase in the span (length) of the plate increases the failure tendency of the plate structure.
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